Opioids are a class of drugs which include the illegal drug heroin, synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, and pain relievers, available legally by prescription, such as oxycodone (OxyContin®), hydrocodone (Vicodin®), codeine, morphine, and others (HHS, 2018). Generally there are two classes of opioids: prescription drugs and heroin. According to the CDC, 44 people die every day in the United States from overdose of prescription painkillers (SAMHSA, 2016). As people use opioids repeatedly, they build more tolerance, increasing their risk of developing an opioid use disorder.
Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2015). Today's Heroin Epidemic [PDF] (pp. 1 - 4). Atlanta, Georgia. Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/vitalsigns/pdf/2015-07-vitalsigns.pdf Center for Disease Control and Prevention. (2016). Prescription Opioids: What do I need to Know? [PDF] (pp. 1-2). Retrieved from https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/pdf/AHA-Patient-Opioid-Factsheet-a.pdf Substance Use and Mental Health Services Administration. (2016). Opioids. Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/atod/opioids U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2018). What are opioids?. Retrieved from https://www.hhs.gov/opioids/prevention/index.html
This website was developed in part under a grant number SPO-02905 from the Office of National Drug Control Policy, Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration, U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. The views, policies, & opinions expressed are those of the TCDOP & do not necessarily reflect those of ONDCP, SAMHSA or HHS